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BBC World News

News/Business. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)

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PBS

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00:30:00

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mpeg2video

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Tony Blair 10, Bbc News 6, Mr. Blair 6, Spain 4, Damascus 4, China 4, Russia 4, U.s. 3, Baghdad 3, Saddam Hussein 3, Moscow 3, Kcet 3, Iraq 3, Israel 3, Los Angeles 3, Honolulu 2, New York 2, The Iraq 2, John D. 2, Newman 2,
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  PBS    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    January 29, 2010
    5:30 - 6:00pm EST  

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> i would do it again. the former british prime minister tony blair gave evidence at the iraq inquiry. >> it was better to deal with the threat, to remove him from office, and i do jr. meet believe the world is safer as a result. -- i do genuinely believe the world is safer as a result. >> but ongoing violence and instability in iraq and elections due in march. the haitian government says it needs tense and desperately to
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house refugees. welcome to "bbc world news." coming up later for you -- meet the 250. first warplane built by russia since the collapse of the soviet union. you may want to consider this a new attraction in beijing. he called its the calculus of risk -- he called it the calculus of risk. tony blair gives evidence to the iraq inquiry today. during six hours of questioning, he went from slightly nervous still repentance to robots. -- he told the inquiry he had no regrets about removing saddam hussein, and he hinted at the
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possibility of a new war with iran. our correspondent spent the day at the inquiry. >> he arrived in the half light of dawn to the sound of a single bell tolling. tony blair's convoy headed to the basement. he slipped in through a side door. it was a low-key start to a highly-charged day. in the streets around the conference center, protesters. not as many as predicted. a couple hundred at most. the verdict on tony blair has already been decided. at 9:30 sharp, the session began. mr. blair took his place. he looked pensive. >> good morning. >> good morning. >> i would like to start by welcoming our witness. >> many people wanted answers, but the iraq inquiry began its
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questioning. they went on to the events that changed everything. 9/11. tony blair was soon in stride. >> the crucial thing is that the calculus of risk change. >> that meant that someone like saddam hussein with his history of the finance had to be confronted -- a history of the finance had to be confronted. >> the primary goal for me was to send an absolutely powerful and clear and unremitting message that after september 11, if you were a regime engaged in wmd's, you had to stop. >> mr. blair flatly denied he had signed in blood to invade iraq with president bush in october. but he did say he wanted to fight alongside the americans. >> i said we would fight shoulder to shoulder. i would have done that again.
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>> in the september 2002 dossier, mr. blair defended his statement that he believed "beyond doubt"that iraq had weapons of mass destruction. >> i do believe it. and i did believe that, frankly, beyond doubt. >> mr. blair was satisfied the invasion had been lawful. he believed contrary views on in cabinet had been heard. he believed britain had a plan for the aftermath. and mr. bennett -- mr. blair believed he did the right thing. >> it was a decision. >> in the same situation, he said he would take the same action again. >> i had to take this position as prime minister. it was a huge responsibility then, and there's not a single day that passes that i do not think about that responsibility. and so i should. no regrets. responsibility, but not regret for removing saddam hussein.
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i think he was -- i think he was a monster. i believe he threatened, not just the region, but the world. in the circumstances we faced then, i believe even if you look back now, it was better to deal with the threat, to deal with it, to remove him from office, in a few genuinely believed the world safer as a result. >> it was six hours at the table. anyone hoping for a grilling would have been disappointed. it was at times a passionate defense by tony blair on his decisions concerning iraq. bbc news. >> as we just heard, mr. blair described the former iraqi peter saddam hussein as "on monster." he later told the inquiry that the people of iraq are better off and have a better chance of a future.
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the bbc is the only british broadcaster with a permanent presence in iraq since 2003. our correspondent in baghdad assesses how secure and better off iraqis feel today. >> on this friday evening in baghdad, most people are simply getting on with life. they are either oblivious or not caring about the grilling that tony blair has been getting at the hands of the inquiry. the whole affair has had very little coverage in the iraqi press. the few articles there have been have that very much defended it as our british affair. here an article questioning the timing of it in the run-up to the general election. seen this take place within our british political bubble. iraqis have a host of issues they deal with on a daily basis from violence to the intermittent electricity surprised.
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the inquiry is not going to help overcome the problems. >> we need to look forward, not backwards. taking a break from watching the news. we should stop arguing about whether the invasion was right or wrong. >> he says the invasion has brought nothing but grief. high unemployment and fewer basic services. >> there are those in iraq to agree with tony blair that there composite effects from the 2003 invasion. for example, the explosion in consumer goods. mobile phones, televisions, refrigerators, the like. also the question of freedom of speech. people here are happy to openly talk about their political preferences, and on television indeed, the upcoming election. people are hoping that will bring some stability.
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as far as the politicians are concerned here, what they will be looking at at this inquiry is not so much the circumstances surrounding the decision to go to war, but more the question of legality. the inquiry threats that into doubt, but the government here says that could provide fuel for the insurgency. while the security situation is better, it is still costing hundreds of lives every month. bbc news, baghdad. >> more top stories this hour -- a man who admitted to killing abortion doctor in the united states has been found guilty of first-degree murder. he said that he killed dr. george tiller to protect unborn children and. -- and more children. at least 12 people at been killed in mogadishu in a night of heavy fighting.
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the shelling came as the president's celebrated his first year in office. the losing candidates have in shriveling the's -- sri lanka's presidential candidate -- he has refused to accept his defeat in elections. the haitian government says it desperately needs to hundred thousand tents to house refugees. 70 -- several days on, the majority of refugees do not have any cover. there are as many as 1 million people need to be undercover. we have this report from port- au-prince. >> hope can come in all shapes and sizes, even a green box. after 17 days of misery, something to laugh about in haiti.
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in a few days' time, 300,000 refugees will start moving in. it is the first proper camp to be fitted since the quake. there'll be latrines, even proper showers. but this camp is a tiny fraction of what is needed. right now, there are not enough tents in the world to house all of the refugees. >> we're talking about huge numbers. it takes time to make them. i'm not sure we are there. we would like to have as many as possible. we have to get something over people's heads. >> unique the tents, -- you need a tense, but they do not exist? >> that is correct. they are not there. >> meanwhile, confusion reigns at the haitian government compound. the man in charge of building the tent cities as construction is underway. >> we started the day after -- >> at that location? >> removed from the city at the
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outskirts. we will have waters. we will have space there. >> we went to an area outside port-au-prince for the government says they're preparing the first masthead city. it not been able to find any sign that. no preparations at all. instead, we found this. this is reconstruction, a haitian-style. nothing but an old knife and scraps of metal. >> where you sleep? cordelia's? >> we sleep in the ground. >> do you have any shelter? >> no. [unintelligible] >> further up the hill, a woman shows me the tiny shack where she is living with her seven children. nearby, we find a woman whose
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leg was crushed in the earthquake and had to be amputated. she tells me she has absolutely no medicine and has not eaten anything for four days. despite the massive response of the outside world, these people are still waiting for help. and for a million haitians tonight, it will be another spent in the open. the seniors -- bbc news. >> you are watching "bbc world news." still to come -- europe's unemployment problem. why almost half of workers under 25 in spain do not have a job. the palestinian militant group hamas has blamed israel for the death of one of their founders. he was killed nine days ago in dubai. police there believe a criminal gang was involved. thousands of people attended his
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funeral in damascus. we have this report. >> drake to the hamas flag, the coffin is carried on the shoulders of angry supporters. he was one of the founders of the military wing of hamas. at this mosque, hamas members and palestinians who live here prayed for his soul and announced him a martyr. hamas blamed the killing on israel and said he was killed by advanced technical means. the israeli government avoids comment. there are hundreds of attacks in suicide bombings. this is the cemetery on the outskirts of damascus. hundreds of mourners have marched to see him be buried here and the leader of hamas is holding prayers' behind me. >> [speaking foreign language]
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>> at the grave, it was insisted through be retaliation. >> the response depends on the military leadership of hamas. the response is to continue the resistance. >> in gaza, the leadership of hamas is also warning. at the time of forging an engagement between the palestinians and israel, this may escalate and ongoing conflict. abc news, damascus. -- bbc news, damascus. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines -- the former british prime minister tony blair has told the official inquiry into the iraq war that he has no regrets about his decision to remove saddam hussein.
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and the haitian government says it desperately needs to hundred thousand tents to house refugees. 17 days on, the majority of quake victims have no cover. the u.s. economy grew at its fastest pace in six years in the last quarter of 2009. president obama said this marked the start improvement over the decline america experienced just one week -- one year ago. yet he noted job growth is lagging. unemployment is also causing concern on the other side of the atlantic. in spain, officials say one in five of the work force is without a job and it is the younger workers who are bearing the brunt of that slowdown. it is prompting talk of all lost generation. we have this report from madrid. >> he used to make pizza. now he is pruning in a botanical garden. he was unemployed before he
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became an apprentice. >> [unintelligible] >> these clauses are a lifeline to everyone here. all the training gardners are under 25 and has been out of work. they now earn money as a large. >> i applied for jobs eagerly before this. i did not get one interview. there were some many people sending cv's. you get used to applying and hearing nothing. >> the recession in spain hits young people hard. many moved here in the boom years, lured by high pay. they are here because they are far simpler to fire on the downturn. it is told of a lost generation here. >> the government considers the priority to improve the situation. they plan to improve the availability of on-the-job training, and we're working to
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encourage young people to develop their resources. >> the government is urging benefits and journeys back to the classroom. >> many people are enrolling in universities to improve their chances of finding work in the future. the government is planning to get all unemployed young people an opportunity to earn a master's degree for free. this is a labor market that is stacked against them, one that protect permanent contracts, and beats everyone else -- especially the young -- very insecure. this man and all of his friends still live with their parents. they wait and hope. bbc news, madrid. >> the high court in nigeria
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has ruled that the president who has been out of the country for more than two months is not obliged to hand over power to his vice president -- vice- president. it was the last of four legal challenges. the u.s. is considering moving the trial of the alleged 9/11 mastermind out of new york city. mayor bloomberg is urging of for the trials are to be moved, citing cost and disruption. -- a ship got stuck in ice off of helsinki. this is attributed to especially harsh winter conditions. a series of buildings were attacked in the sovereign debt capital -- the sovereign capital
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of afghanistan. we have a report from kabul. >> what should have been a busy street quickly turned to a battleground. another well-organized taliban assaults on one of the country's cities, a tactic to create chaos and undermine security in a spectacular fashion. fighters took up positions on this building, close to the governor of hellman's office. -- helmland's office. the building was surrounded. the fighting with on for hours. this came a day after president hamid karzai tuck -- calls for talks with the taliban in london. talking to the insurgents is an idea that is not gaining ground as a way to end a conflict here.
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president karzai's election opponent has announced his support. >> i do believe we should reach out to the people we are fighting against in these provinces. we should reach out to them like brothers. we will see if there are people who will speak to us. they only want to bring the state down. they do not believe in the process. >> behind-the-scenes, it appears the contact is being made. a western official told the bbc that the un special envoy was seeking talks with the representative from the taliban leadership. we could not confirm whether discussions had taken place. all the afghan government has been publicly reaching out to the taliban, it is not clear what the movement will do. it seems unlikely taliban
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leadership will engage in talks any time soon. instead, continuing to lead an insurgency which is growing in strength year by year. bbc news, kabul. >> russia has carried out the first test flight of a new generation of fighter aircraft, a potential rival to the most modern airplanes used by the united states air force. the t-50 is the first new plan created by russian manufacturers since the collapse of the soviet union. it is capable of targeting multiple targets on the air and on the ground. we have this report from moscow. >> speed t-50, unveiled for the first time after being developed in total secrecy for decades. this, the first of light of the stealth fighter plane. it lasted almost 50 minutes. apparently, it all went well.
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the head of the sukoi company said it had been a big success and an important step for the country's military aviation industry. the russians want to compete with this. the latest american fighter aircraft, the f-22 wrapped her, also of that generation plane. but for moscow, it is not just about matching the americans militarily. experts say russia has developed its new plane partly to boost arms exports. >> i think the market would welcome russian fifth generation have the aircraft, simply due to the fact that we're the only two world powers, and i believe the russians would be able to go
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further in the world market because it would be in the u.s. rival. >> are russia's new t-50 fighter will probably not be available for many years. this is just a prototype, and much work remains to be done. so winning t-50 does enter -- so when the t-50 does enter service, it will be a great leap forward for the russian air force. nothing has been seen might get for 50 years. no wonder that the russian air force is so delighted with the maiden flight. bbc news, moscow. >> one theme park in stevie different. it aims to bring sweetness and intimates you its -- sweetness to its customers. it opened in beijing. at a grand opening. our correspondent was given a
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tour behind the scenes. >> is the great wall of china made entirely from the finest belgian chocolate. the mortar used to stick them together is white chocolate. this is a chocolate wonderland, buildt entirely of chocolate. that wall is entirely edible. it will be eaten by brick by brick as part of the show by a lucky people whose names will be drawn out of a hat. it will open with a fanfare of a fashion show with costumes made entirely of chocolate. all across china, shen said been making creations out of chocolate -- chefs have been making creations out of chocolate. the hope is that the chocolate exhibits do not melt. the sushi is, of course, chocolate. there is a serious point to this
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exhibition, too, more than just the artistry that has gone into creating chocolate boots or sugar coated silk purse. bringing chocolate to china corresponds with the opening of the consumer market and people developing a taste for what is consumed in the west. chocolate is no exception. consumption is taking off. people want to eat fine chocolate imported from abroad. >> what we do normally in europe, england on a france, spain. it takes 20 or 30 years to change case. >> said the chocolate warriors on show here could -- so the top awards on show here could herald a new age of talk but consumers. chocolate is a brand new phenomenon. as china gets richer and tasted
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sweeter, the potential for chocolate sales to grow is enormous. >> do not forget you can keep up-to-date with all our stories by logging onto but bbc.com/news. also on our website, you can buy more analysis on the testimony from the former british prime minister tony blair at the iraq and more inquiry. thank you for watching. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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